As found in the Bible, “iniquity “ is defined wicked or immoral in nature or character. Primarily, it indicates “not an action, but the character of an action,” and is so distinguished from “sin.”
Therefore we have the phrase “the iniquity of my sin” (Psalms 32:5). Iniquity can be described as the essence of wrongdoing or evil, while sin is this quality actually enacted in the world,
Webster dictionary provide further context for the meaning of iniquity as use of illegal narcotics is not on,y a destroyer of personal health but also an iniquity the undermines our society.
Iniquity In The Bible
- The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not suffer for the iniquity of the father, nor the father suffer for the iniquity of the som. The righteous of the righteous shake be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself. Ezekiel 18:20.
- Keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and fourth generation. Exodus 34:7.
- And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,) for they shall all know me, from the least of then to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. Jeremiah 31:34.
The Difference Between Iniquity, Sin, And Transgression
There are three primary Hebrew words which are often used correspondently. These are words often translated as sin, iniquity, means to miss the Mark. A won, often translated as iniquity, relates more to the inner character and points to an intentional twisting of a given standard. Peshawar, often translated as transgression, is more of a willful rebellion against the given standard. We see these words in their nuances and also used interchangeably in Psalms 51.
Have mercy on me, O God, according to your abundance mercy blot out my Pesha (Transgressions). Wash me thoroughly from my Awon (iniquity), and cleanse me from my Chattah (sin)! For I know my transgressions and my sin is always before me. Against you, you only have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgement. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity and sin did my mother conceive me,
In Psalm 32.5 the psalmist says, “I acknowledged my sin to you and did not coverup my iniquity. I said, ‘I will confess my transgressions to the Lord.” In this one verse, sim, iniquity, and transgression are all mentioned. Basically, the three words communicate the same idea: evil and lawlessness, as defined by God (1 John 3:4). Though,unpin closer inspection, each word also bears a somewhat separate meaning.
The Meaning Of Sin
Sin signifies “to miss the Mark.” It can indicate doing something against Gondor against a person (Exodus 10:16 doing the contrast of what is right (Galatians 5:17), doing something that will have adverse results (Proverbs 24:33-34): and neglecting to do something you know is right (James 4:17). In the Old Testament, God even established sacrifices for unintentional sins (Numbers 15:27). Sin is the common phrase for anything that “falls short of the Glory of God” (Romans 3:23).
The Meaning Of Iniquity
Iniquity indicates a conscious decision; to commit iniquity to proceed without repentance. Micah 2:1 says, “ Woe to those who plan iniquity, to those who plot evil on their beds. At mornings light, they carry it out because it is in their power to do it.” In David’s psalm of repentance, he cries out to God. Saying, “Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin” ( Psalm 51:2).
God forgives iniquity, as He does any sort of sin when we genuinely repent (Hebrews 8:12). However,iniquity left unchecked advances to a point of intentional sin with no fear of God. The growth of shameless sin is sometimes portrayed as a “cup of iniquity” being filled to the brim (Revelation 17:4). This often pertains to nation who have forsaken God entirely. Continuediniquity leads to irregular desires with leads to a degenerate mind. Romans 1:28-32 describes this deviation in graphic detail. The sons of Eli are biblical examples of sinners when God judged for their iniquities. Rather than repent, Eli’s sons continued in their evils until remorse was no long possible.