The great outpouring of the Holy Spirit is the pouring out of God’s Spirit to fill and indwell people- was prophesied in the Old Testament and was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost (Act 2). This event was predicted in the Old Testament. Isaiah 44:3 God said to Israel, “I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessings on your descendants. The Holy Spirit is pictured as the “water of life” that saves and blesses dying people. On the day of Pentecost. Peter quoted another prophecy as being fulfilled: “I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, and your old men will dream dreams, and your young men will see visions. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days… And everyone who calls on the day of the Lord will be saved.” (Joel 2:28-29). I believe that “those days” are today.
The outpouring of the Holy Spirit ushered in a new era, the church age. In the Old Testament, the Holy Spirit was a rare gift that was only given to a few people and usually for only a short period of time. When Saul was anointed King of Israel, the Holy Spirit came upon him (1 Samuel 16:14). But when God removed His blessing on Saul, the Holy Spirit left him (1 Samuel 16:1). The Holy Spirit came for specific moments or seasons on people like Gideon and Samson. At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was poured out on all believers in Christ and He came to start. This was a pivotal point changing the Holy Spirit’s work.
Before Jesus’s arrest, He had promised to send His disciples the Holy Spirit (John 14:15-17). The Holy Spirit lives with us and will be in His believers.. Jesus said I John 14:17 that this was a pprophecy of the indwelling of the Spirit, another distinctive of the church age. Ever since Pentecost, the Holy Spirit ahas baptized every believer into Christ at the moment of salvation (1 Corinthians 12:13), as He comes to permanently dwell i His children.
In the book of Acts, there are three outpourings of the Holy Spirit, to three different groups at three different times.
The First; was to the Jews and proselytes in Jerusalem (Acts 2).
The Second; was a group of believing Samaritans (Act8).
The Third; was to a group of believing Gentiles (Acts￼ 10).
Significantly Peter was present at all three outpourings. Three times, God sent the Holy Spirit with demonstrable signs, as the Great Commission was being fulfilled. The same Holy Spirit coming up in the Jews, Samaritans, and the Gentiles in the same manner in the same presence of the same apostle that kept the church unified. There was not a Jewish church, a Samaritan church not a Roman church – there was one church, one Lord, one faith, one baptism (Ephesians 4:5).
The outpouring of the Spirit is different from the filling out the Spirit. The outpouring was a unique coming of the Holy Spirit to earth; the filling happens whenever we are surrendered to God’s control of our lives. We are commanded to be filled with the Spirit (Ephesians 5:18). In this regard it is possible for the believer either to be “filled with the Spirit” or to “quench” the Spirit (1 Thessalonians 5:19). In either case, the Holy Spirit remains with the believer. The filling of the Holy Spirit camel as a direct result of submission to God’s will, and the quenching isa direct result of rebelling against God’s will.
Some still look for an outpouring of the Holy Spirit on a specific group of people in a specific place or time, but there is no biblical support for the repeat of such a Pentecost-style event. The church has already begun, the Apostles have already laid the groundwork of that foundation (Ephesians 2:20).
Sometimes we sing songs that ask the Holy Spirit to ‘come’ but the reality is that He has already come to us -at the moment of our salvation, and once He comes, He does not leave. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit is a completed prophecy that usher in the church age and the New Covenant in which all believers are given the Holy Spirit.